Historically, the marijuana laws in Arkansas have been very strict, with small use and possession being misdemeanors. However, just recently voters approved a measure to legalize medical marijuana, with qualified patients allowed access to cannabis to help in the treatment of 17 conditions.
Recreational Marijuana in Arkansas
In Arkansas, the possession, use, cultivation, and transport of less than 4 ounces of marijuana is considered a misdemeanor, punishable by 1 year in jail and $2500 in fines. However, anything beyond 4 ounces is considered felony and can lead to 6 to 30 years of imprisonment, and fines from $10,000 to $15,000.
Citizens of Eureka Springs and Fayetteville have voted to make adult marijuana possession offenses the lowest law enforcement priority. Marijuana continues to be illegal in those two cities, but police officers and other law officials don’t make enforcing cannabis laws a top priority.
Medical Marijuana in Arkansas
With the support of 53 percent of voters, Arkansas passed Issue 6 in November 2016 to legalize medical marijuana. Issue 6, also known as the Arkansas Medical Marijuana Amendment, establishes a system for the cultivation, acquisition and distribution of marijuana for qualifying patients. Patients must have a written certification from a licensed physician in the state to acquire access to cannabis for medical purposes. Home cultivation is not permitted.
The following conditions have been approved under the law:
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
- Crohn’s Disease
- Hepatitis C
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Tourette’s Syndrome
- Severe Arthritis
- Ulcerative Colitis
Additionally, medicinal cannabis can be recommended for any chronic or debilitating medical condition that produces:
- Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
- Intractable Pain
- Peripheral Neuropathy
- Severe Nausea
- Severe and Persistent Muscle Spasms
The Department of Health can also approve medical marijuana for any other medical condition or its treatment.
Consumption of CBD from Hemp Oil in Arkansas
Even though adult use marijuana is illegal in Arkansas, consumers can legally purchase hemp oil products that contain CBD. While federal law considers all parts of the cannabis sativa plant to be ‘marijuana’ (and therefore illegal), CBD oil derived from the mature stalks and seeds of hemp are considered dietary supplements and legal in all 50 U.S. states.
Cultivation of Cannabis in Arkansas
The cultivation of cannabis for recreational, medical, or research purposes is illegal in Arkansas.
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