Michigan’s road to reasonable marijuana access for medical and recreational use is one of the most unique of any state in the union. Medical marijuana was legalized in 2008, but until recently dispensaries were considered illegal. Recreational marijuana remains illegal, but 20 cities have decriminalized personal use.
Recreational Marijuana Law in Michigan
Recreational marijuana is illegal in Michigan. Possession of any amount of recreational marijuana is a misdemeanor punishable by 1 year in jail with a fine of $2,000. Use of marijuana is a misdemeanor punishable by 90 days in prison with a maximum fine of $100. Sale of any quantity is a felony, punishable by up to 15 years in prison and $10,000,000 in fines. Even sale without remuneration is punishable by 1 year in prison and $1,000 in fines.
While recreational marijuana is still a serious crime on the state level, almost 20 cities have removed criminal penalties for possession of small amounts of marijuana. These cities include: Ann Arbor, Kalamazoo, Detroit, Flint, Grand Rapids, Ypsilanti, Ferndale, Jackson, Lansing, Hazel Park, Oak Park, Berkley, Huntington Woods, Mount Pleasant, Pleasant Ridge, Port Huron, Saginaw, East Lansing, Portage, and Keego Harbor.
Medical Marijuana Law in Michigan
Medical marijuana became legal in Michigan after 63% voters approved of Proposal 1 in November 2008. Several amendments have since been passed to provide further structure for marijuana access. In September 2016, Gov. Rick Snyder signed a collection of five bills to amend the Michigan Medical Marihuana Program and establish a statewide regulatory system after an unfortunate 2013 state Supreme Court ruling made dispensaries illegal, forcing patients to either grow their own marijuana or get marijuana from a designated caregiver. The new collection of bills not only established licensing and regulatory framework and clarified dispensaries, but created a seed-to-sale marijuana tracking system and legalized the manufacturing and use of cannabis lotions, oils and edibles.
Registered patients can possess up to 2.5 ounces of ‘useable marijuana’, or up to 12 marijuana plants in an enclosed, locked facility. The law allows for patients to have a primary caregiver.
Approved medical marijuana conditions include:
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
- Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
- Chronic Pain
- Crohn’s Disease
- Hepatitis C
- Nail-Patella Syndrome
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Severe and Persistent Muscle Spasms
Consumption of CBD from Hemp Oil in Michigan
Consumption of CBD hemp oil is federally legal, as CBD hemp oil falls under the same importation and commerce laws as other hemp products. Michigan has not created any further legislation specifically relating to CBD from hemp oil, so it is legal to purchase and consume CBD hemp oil products.
Cultivation of Cannabis in Michigan
Cultivation of cannabis for recreational purposes is charged as a felony regardless of the quantity. These offenses are punishable by 15 years in jail with up to $10,000,000 in fines.
Under the state’s medical marijuana law, patients or their caregivers are allowed to grow up to 12 marijuana plants. The plants must be cultivated in an enclosed and locked facility.
Additionally, the state also passed the Industrial Hemp Research Act of 2014, which allows government departments, colleges, and universities to grow industrial hemp for research purposes, as part of an agricultural pilot program or academic research project.
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